Maria Montessori was born in the province of Chiaravalle Italy on August 31, 1870, at the age of 26 she became the first Italian woman who got the medical certificate. She attended the University of Rome as an assistant in a psychiatric clinic. It’s here, where she starts to become interested in kids. Situations in life lead her into the world of education and children. With her medical studies and pedagogy, she was a dynamic educator who spread her system to a global scale, which allowed her not only to awaken controversy but also receive praise and admiration, compared to modern methods, the Montessori educational materials anticipated fifty years to the new concepts in knowledge acquisition.
On her method…
In the various stages of child development are manifested myriad needs. For current psychology, education should meet early on those fundamental needs for affection, security and activity, as they have throughout childhood. M. Montessori stressed the obligation to meet the need for security, taking into account the organic and psychological development of the child. She also highlighted the downside of authoritarian interventions that prevent manifestations of spontaneity and creativity.
For Montessori, the educational game is considered essential preschool, it must arouse curiosity, imagination, the ability gestural and especially take the right path you will reach adolescence and adulthood. The game should be fun, without the child being aware that he is being taught something. That’s why the Montessori materials, includes the development of the child’s personality and the acquisition of knowledge of the real world. To achieve this, she included “practical life exercises” such as plant breeding, pet care, washing dishes, etc. in her methodology.
Classrooms with this system, have scientifically selected educational material, simple, robust and adapted to the context of the child, they can be handled and worked freely, and school furniture tailored to the child’s proportions.
The school and family environment are closely related to child development. By providing this degree of freedom, eliminating the causes of many distractions, providing the child necessary material, tidy and organized to train his mind, considering that the educational environment is a powerful factor of balance and development.
Montessori pedagogy also considers each individual as unique subject. Recognizing this, it is essential for the harmonious development of all its capabilities, as each person has different characteristics and skills, respect of this principle is essential for education to be successful and contribute to the formation of full human beings.
Finally, the validity of this method is so clear that it continues to influence and interest new educational trends. The principles of freedom with responsibility and individualization of education, have had countless effects and have become the source of many schools educational processes active and contemporary.